Canada calls on UN members to betray UN Charter to authorize aggression against Syria

Champions US cause to prolong war to achieve regime change

Vigorous and spirited rally on October 1 outside the U.S. embassy in Ottawa organized by the Syrian Arab Association of Canada in response to the U.S. war crime in Deir Ezzor killing scores of Syrian soldiers.

Vigorous and spirited rally on October 1 outside the U.S. embassy in Ottawa organized by the Syrian Arab Association of Canada in response to the U.S. war crime in Deir Ezzor killing scores of Syrian soldiers.

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) calls on Canadians to condemn the Trudeau government’s attempt to use the United Nations against the sovereignty of Syria and to endorse more U.S.-led terrorism. At a time that the U.S. imperialists are expressing serious worries about the inability of their proxy forces in Syria to successfully fight the Syrian army, Canada is spearheading a new initiative at the United Nations aiming to prolong the war and step up the push for regime change. This initiative is being falsely described as contributing to peace and an end to the conflict while it is in fact in direct response to the failure of the U.S. imperialists to get authorization to commit aggression against Syria through the UN Security Council.

On October 13 the Canadian Mission to the United Nations submitted a request for a special meeting of the UN General Assembly to “explore concerted action to apply pressure on the parties of the violence [in Syria].” Canada’s deputy permanent representative at the Canadian Mission to the UN, Michael Grant told media that Canada’s initiative was in response to Russia vetoing on October 8 a French UN Security Council motion to institute a “no-fly zone” around the city of Aleppo.

An informal plenary session of the General Assembly in response to Canada’s request was held on October 20. On that occasion Prime Minister Justin Trudeau issued a statement calling for “forward momentum” for war against Syria under the banner of “a collective responsibility to protect the world’s vulnerable and weak when others cannot or will not.” A special meeting of the General Assembly has not yet been announced.

Earlier on October 11, three days after the Russian veto at the Security Council, Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Stéphane Dion spoke about these efforts at a meeting of the Atlantic Treaty Association, a political front for NATO comprised of politicians, diplomats, military personnel, academics and businesspeople. Dion said that Canada is “reaching out on an urgent basis to see what can be done to address the appalling situation in Syria in the wake of Russia’s veto at the UN Security Council on [October 8]. This could include action at the General Assembly to address the unfolding humanitarian crises in Syria.”

Canada, which is openly campaigning for a UN Security Council seat beginning in 2021, is attempting to use the UN General Assembly to achieve what the U.S. imperialists and their allies were denied at the Security Council. Canada’s initiative is supported by all the countries on the UN Security Council which supported the vetoed resolution.

Canada’s request comes with support from 71 other UN member states, calling for an emergency session of the full General Assembly under Resolution 377, known as “Uniting for Peace.”[1]Resolution 377 was written by the U.S. in 1950 to bypass the authority of the Security Council and manoeuvre around the Soviet Union which sought to prevent the imperialists from further use of the UN Security Council to support the U.S. genocidal war against Korea.[2] Resolution 377 states that, “where the Security Council, because of lack of unanimity of the permanent members, fails to exercise its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, the General Assembly shall seize itself of the matter.”

Now the failure of the U.S. imperialists and their allies to use the UN Security Council for war aims has again resulted in Resolution 377 being invoked in the name of peace. Media report that Canada is discussing at least two concrete proposals for how to use the UN General Assembly to undermine Syria and its now five-year struggle against U.S.-backed destabilization and efforts at regime change. One is the suspension of Syria’s voting rights at the UN or its expulsion. Another is to set up a Special Prosecutor to launch a spurious case against the Syrian government for war crimes in an illegitimate court.

Canada’s initiative at the UN was launched one week after the ceasefire negotiated between the U.S. and Russia collapsed due to the U.S. bombing of Syrian troops and because many of the U.S. proxy forces refused to abide by it. Within one week we are to believe that Canada all by itself and without connection to anything the U.S. bloc is up to, including the massive disinformation about the humanitarian tragedy in Aleppo, assembled 71 states to back its manoeuvre to expel one of the member states of the United Nations or “legitimize” aggression against it. It is very telling that while claiming everything it is doing is for peace, Canada only raised doubts about Russia and the Syrian governments’ unilateral pause in fighting in Aleppo, from October 18 to 22 to allow civilians as well as anti-government fighters to evacuate from eastern Aleppo.

Canada’s criminal manoeuvre aims to “legitimize” war in a manner not unlike UN Security Council Resolution 1973 that authorized a “no-fly zone” in Libya in 2011. That resolution was used by the U.S. and NATO as the “legal” basis for its merciless destruction of Libya’s cities, infrastructure and citizens and its imposition of a puppet government. Permanent members of the UN Security Council such as Russia and China subsequently expressed regret for allowing Resolution 1973 to pass as its effects went far beyond what was discussed and the result was further destabilization of North Africa and the Middle East. It is therefore very difficult for the U.S. to have similar measures adopted at the Security Council today.

A serious concern is that the U.S. imperialists now aim to use a UN General Assembly resolution and the claims of dysfunction at the UN Security Council to justify aggression. The vitriol at the UN from the U.S. representative, Samantha Power, is such that everything is blamed on Russia and the post-war arrangements by which Russia was included as one of five world powers granted a veto at the Security Council is now declared to be illegitimate due to Russia’s obstinance.

Writing for the website LawFare, a pro-war legal analyst named Mai El-Sadany speculated as to how the U.S. could use a General Assembly resolution to justify war. In spite of a General Assembly resolution not carrying the weight of a Security Council decision, “the time has come for the international community to explore creative and lesser-known solutions,” she said. “The calamity in Syria has uncovered what many legal scholars have long criticized as a set of international institutions and legal constructs that have failed to evolve with the evolving nature of conflict. It is only by reassessing and deconstructing the status quo that we can even begin to produce solutions adequate to addressing the Syrian crisis…” El-Sadany claimed that Canada’s move originates with a foreign-sponsored organization posing as an interim government called the “Syrian Coalition,” and that the ultimate purpose of a UN General Assembly motion “would be to recommend non-binding collective measures for the matter at hand, which can include, but are not limited to, the implementation of a ceasefire, the use of force, or sanctions.”

Canada’s call is an attack against the Charter of the United Nations, which upholds the sovereignty and territorial integrity of member states.[3] Many states, which have condemned both the overt and covert aggression of big powers to subvert the Syrian Arab Republic, are also convinced that such powers’ sponsorship of terrorist gangs fall within the category of official state terrorism. Canada’s actions serve only to further the conflict in Syria and justify foreign intervention by the U.S. and its allies.

In this regard, Canada and those supporting this initiative should be careful. What goes around, comes around and, despite all the back-room screw-tightening, it is far from a given that UN member states will agree to open the door to measures which can be used to attack their own sovereignty at any time.

Notes

1.Albania, Antigua and Barbadu, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Coatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Jordan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lichtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, The Kingdom of the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Panama, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America and Uruguay.

2.The Soviet Union had earlier been unable to veto the June 1950 resolution supporting U.S. intervention in Korea due to its boycott in protest of the exclusion of the People’s Republic of China from the UN.

3.The UN Charter states, under Chapter I: Purposes and Principles:

“The Organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its Members.” […]

“All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.”

Source: TML Weekly, October 22, 2016, No. 41

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Filed under Canada, West Asia (Middle East)

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