Prince William in Israel: The British royal family’s ‘complicated history’ with Nazi Germany

Prince William is following in the footsteps of his father and grandfather and visiting the East Jerusalem tomb of his great-grandmother, a personal touch to the promotion of British collusion with Zionist Israel.  But while Princess Alice may have sheltered a Jewish family during the war, three of her daughters were married to prominent Nazis | DIANA KRAFT in Haaretz

(June 23) – The British royal family’s complicated Nazi past will be revisited next week when Prince William makes the monarchy’s first official state visit to Israel.

The Duke of Cambridge will pay homage to his great-grandmother, Princess Alice, at her burial site in East Jerusalem next Thursday. But while she was honored for sheltering a Jewish family during World War II, several of her daughters were married to prominent Nazis.

A church official standing next to the tomb of Princess Alice of Battenberg, June 14, 2018. She is buried inside the Russian Orthodox church of St. Mary Magdalene on the Mount of Olives, Jerusalem. | AMMAR AWAD/ REUTERS

The darker side of this history was highlighted recently in the Netflix series “The Crown,” which chronicled the early years of Prince William’s grandparents – Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Prince Philip, husband of Queen Elizabeth c1937. At a Nazi funeral of his close relative

Indeed, in the second season, viewers see a teenage Philip walking behind the swastika-draped coffins of his sister, Cecilie, and her husband, in a public funeral procession full of Nazi regalia. And before Philip married Elizabeth in 1947, there was reportedly much concern in British royal circles that he was an unsuitable match given his family’s Nazi ties. For example, another sister, Sophie, whose husband was in Nazi inner circles, named her son Karl Adolf in honor of Hitler.

The show also depicts Prince William’s great-great uncle, King Edward VIII, and his well-documented ties and affection for the Nazi movement. It was Edward’s abdication after 11 months that allowed William’s family line to inherit the throne in 1936.

William, the second-in-line to the monarchy after his father Charles, is scheduled to visit the Church of Mary Magdalene – a landmark in Jerusalem with its highly visible golden-dome-topped spires. It’s where the Duke of Edinburgh’s mother, Princess Alice of Battenberg, is buried.

A postcard of Princess Alice of Battenberg shortly after her marriage to Prince Andrew of Greece in 1906 | Wikimedia Commons

She was recognized by Yad Vashem as a Righteous Among the Nations in 1993, after hiding a Greek-Jewish family in Athens during the Holocaust.

The family she rescued were old friends of her husband’s family, who just happened to be the Greek royal family [and Nazi collaborators – TS] : Rachel Cohen – the widow of Haimaki Cohen, who had been a member of the Greek Parliament – sought refuge for herself and her daughter in 1943, after the Nazis had seized power there. (The Cohen family had four sons, but while three of them fled to Cairo, the fourth had to return to Athens and also sought sanctuary.) Previously, central Greece was held by the Italians, who were more moderate in their treatment of the Jews.

According to Yad Vashem, when Princess Alice heard that Rachel Cohen was seeking shelter, she offered to hide her and her family at the palace. And despite Gestapo suspicions and questioning of Alice, she managed to keep the Cohens safe.

The Prince of Wales visited Israel in October 2016 to attend the funeral of the former warmongering President, Shimon Peres, on behalf of The Queen.
During his time in Israel, he paid a personal visit to the graves of his grandmother Princess Alice of Battenberg and his great aunt The Grand Duchess Elizabeth of Russia. Both were laid to rest in The Church of St. Mary Magdalen, on the Mount of Olives, Jerusalem.

“Her status protected her somewhat,” Joel Zisenwine, Righteous Among the Nations project director at Yad Vashem, tells Haaretz.

Princess Alice was deaf and, according to Zisenwine, pretended not to understand her interrogators’ questions – a ruse that proved effective in protecting her charges until Greece was liberated.

Princess Alice became extremely devout, even establishing an order of Greek Orthodox nuns – the Christian Sisterhood of Martha and Mary – in 1949. She died in London in December 1969, aged 84, but before her death requested to be laid to rest at the church where her aunt, the Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna, is interred. (The duchess was executed by Bolsheviks in Russia in 1918.)

Prince William won’t be the first royal to visit Princess Alice’s tomb, situated on the slopes of the Mount of Olives. Charles made a private visit there after attending former President Shimon Peres’ funeral in 2016. And Philip himself visited the grave, again in a private capacity, in 1994.

The Nazi princes

Born in 1921, Prince Philip had four elder sisters, three of whom married German princes – and three of them were known to be Nazi Party members.

Welcome to Munich – Duke and Duchess of Windsor, are greeted by Hitler in the city in October 1937. Joseph Goebbels wrote of the former King Edward VIII: “It’s a shame he is no longer king. With him we would have entered into an alliance.”

As part of Hitler’s strategy to gain entry into German society, he courted the old noble class of German aristocracy. The aristocracy had emerged tattered and under pressure from the devastation and loss of status after World War I, and many found Hitler’s patriotic message of national pride appealing. They also feared communism and the possible seizing of their family assets that could come with it, seeing the Nazi movement as a potential bulwark.

In her 2015 book “Go-Betweens for Hitler,” Karina Urbach describes how the German aristocracy helped Hitler come to power and then helped him overseas, using personal connections across Europe in the push to help him win respectability and improve ties with key figures. For German princes – Prince Philip’s brothers-in-law among them – linking themselves to Hitler was a way to survive financially, politically and socially, Urbach argues.

Prince Christoph of Hesse, the husband of Philip’s sister, Sophie, joined the SS in 1932 – even before Hitler came to power – and served as a director in the Third Reich’s air force and as commander of its air reserves.

Christoph’s brother, Prince Philipp, was an even more prominent Nazi, having joined the party and the SA in 1930. Considered Hitler’s “favourite prince,” and himself married to an Italian princess, he served as a frequent go-between for Hitler with Benito Mussolini. (He would later fall out of favour with the fuhrer, being banished to solitary confinement in a concentration camp.)

The two brothers are the focus of a 2006 book by historian Jonathan Petropoulos, “Royals and the Reich: The Princes von Hessen in Nazi Germany.” There is also a photograph that shows Sophie dining across from Hitler at the 1935 wedding of Hermann Göring. It was Göring who is said to have encouraged Sophie and Prince Christoph to invite Hitler to lunch in 1932, which led to them both joining the Nazi Party.

A general view of the Russian Orthodox church St. Mary Magdalene, located on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, June 14, 2018. \ AMMAR AWAD/ REUTERS

Prince Christoph’s mother was also an enthusiastic Nazi supporter, and is said to have flown the swastika flag from her castle. The prince himself was a fighter squadron pilot and was killed during World War II while flying a mission over Italy in 1943.

Another of Prince Philip’s sisters, Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark, and her husband, Hereditary Grand Duke Georg Donatus of Hesse, were also members of the Nazi Party.

They were killed in an air crash in November 1937, along with their two young sons, while flying over Belgium en route to a wedding in London. Cecilie was eight months pregnant at the time and is believed to have given birth mid-flight to a third son, who also perished.

It was their funeral in Darmstadt that the young Prince Philip attended and where he was photographed in the funeral procession alongside uniformed Nazis, including Göring.

And Prince Philip’s eldest sister, Margarita, also married a German prince. His name was Gottfried, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. According to the Australian Daily Telegraph, he was a member of the Nazi Party and served as an army commander during the 1938 occupation of Austria.

However, he was later dismissed from the army for his role in the July 1944 plot to assassinate Hitler, which was planned by fellow aristocrats who had turned against the Nazi leader.

Source: Haaretz


Related

Official itinerary for Prince William’s visit to Israel and ‘occupied’ Jerusalem released

Status of ‘occupied’ Jerusalem in royal itinerary angers Israeli minister

Reality check: The Windsor family’s Nazi king of England

For your information: British royal wedding II


A royal visit despite ‘Occupied Palestinian Territories’: Prince William helps Netanyahu crack the ‘diplomatic isolation theory’

Netanyahu takes the historic visit (sic) as validation that there is no ‘diplomatic tsunami’ over the occupation. But after all the glam flies back to London, Israel will remain with the occupied territories | NOA LANDAU in Haaretz

(June 26) – Prepare for a week full of talk about the “historic visit,” of images from the royal kingdom of escapism and heart-warming pictures of heart-warming events devoid of any diplomatic significance other than the symbolic, which boils down to what was said in the opening clause of this sentence: It is indeed a historic visit.

For years, the royal family’s refusal to send any representative on an official visit to Israel weighed on British-Israeli relations. Crown Prince Charles attended the funerals of Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, but those weren’t official visits. The palace’s long-standing policy, which was dictated by Britain’s Foreign Office, had until now been to refrain from official visits to Israel as long as no significant progress had been made toward Israeli-Palestinian peace. 

Therefore, the decision to send Charles’ son Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge, in honor of Israel’s 70th anniversary is seen in Jerusalem as a significant achievement – not only because it’s evidence of the improving relationship with 10 Downing Street, but primarily because it’s additional proof of the main thesis espoused by Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in recent years: No “diplomatic tsunami” of isolation will result from the absence of a peace process. The world will embrace us even if the occupation and the lack of talks continue forever.

Netanyahu broadcasts this message consistently. After saving Israel from the Iranian threat and liberalizing the Israeli economy, improving the country’s foreign relations is apparently the third most important issue in his legacy.

In his briefings, he frequently downplays those portions of his diplomatic conversations devoted to the Palestinian issue. This approach is more sophisticated than the way a younger Netanyahu’s team once told journalists that during his meeting with former French President Jacques Chirac, the latter “mainly listened” (which later turned out to be the exact opposite of the French readout). But it’s the same idea. He pushes the Palestinian issue to the sidelines in describing these meetings, even if it really occupied center stage.

In some ways, Netanyahu is right. It’s a fact that Israel’s relations with many countries have improved, especially in the fields of commerce and defense. And Britain is one of them: Bilateral economic ties have expanded in recent years while defense cooperation has become more overt. Even with that most slandered of organizations, the European Union, when you look beyond the slogans, cooperation has actually deepened.

One reason diplomats cite for the improved relationship with Britain is its planned exit from the EU. But there has also been a shift in the focus of global attention in the Middle East in recent years, from the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to the influence of regional instability on global terrorism and migration waves. And the rise of conservative leaders worldwide – first and foremost, of course, Donald Trump – is an equally important factor.

Many ministers say they are outrage that William’s visit to Israel will also include a visit to the “Occupied Palestinian Territories,” which, according to the palace’s official statements, include East Jerusalem. These crocodile cries are laughable. Anyone even slightly conversant with diplomatic terminology in Britain would know this is what the territories have always been called. So what did these ministers think the palace would call them, Judea and Samaria? 

But from Netanyahu’s perspective, which is realist to the point of cynicism, this doesn’t matter in the slightest. Perhaps it’s even a plus: After all, the territories are occupied, but the royal carriage is still coming. Just like Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi remains Netanyahu’s good friend even when he lays a wreath on Yasser Arafat’s grave.

The only problem is that when all the celebrations over this further crack in the theory of isolation are over, and all the glam has flown back to its palace, Israel will still remain with the occupied territories. Whether we want it to or not, the world won’t solve this problem for us anytime soon.

Certainly not this prince without a horse.

 

Leave a comment

Filed under History, Palestine

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s