This day. The Barbados crime, Cubana flight 455 (I)


This article was first published in October 2014 by TML Weekly and Global Research. It is of particular relevance to an understanding of the ongoing “war on terror” in the Americas and the role of successive US and Canadian governments.

AviacionavionToday, October 6th, is the anniversary of the first act of terrorism against civilian aviation in the western hemisphere – the unparalleled Cubana air disaster on the coastline of Barbados on October 6, 1976 – the Barbados crime. Cubana flight 455 was hit by two C-4 explosives bombs at an altitude of 18,000 feet just after the aircraft took off from the then Seawell Airport (now the Grantley Adams International Airport) in Barbados.

avion_cubana_barbadosRather than crashing into the white sands of the beach called Paradise and killing the vacationers, the Cubana plot, Wilfredo Pérez Sr., courageously banked the plane away from the beach and towards the Atlantic Ocean, saving the lives of many tourists. It crashed in a ball of fire one mile north of Deep Water Bay. The crash occurred about eight kilometres short of the airport.

Cubana flight 455 was a routine, scheduled commercial, passenger flight of no military significance. There were no survivors.

All 73 passengers and five crew members aboard the plane were assassinated: 57 Cubans, 11 Guyanese, and five North Koreans. Eight of the 11 Guyanese passengers were young academic scholarship winners, who were traveling to Cuba to study medicine – the three other Guyanese were a grandmother, her daughter (the wife of a young Guyanese diplomat) and granddaughter. The five Koreans included a cultural delegation of government officials and a cameraman.


Among the dead were all 24 members of the 1975 Olympic youth fencing team, as well as several sport officials of the Cuban Government. The athletes, many of whom were teenagers, had just won all the gold medals in the Central American and Caribbean Championship Games. They proudly wore their gold medals on board the aircraft.

Those on board averaged thirty years of age.

The trail of blood leads to the US – and Canada.

The terrorists responsible for this crime, with the prior knowledge of Washington, were two Venezuelan citizens, Jose Vazquez Garcia Hernán Ricardo Lozano, an expert at bomb-making, and Freddy Lugo. Both were employees of a private detective agency associated with the secret police of Venezuela (DISIP), and two Cuban-Americans: Orlando Bosch and Posada Carilles, a CIA contract agent then based in Caracas – the masterminds of the crime.

The four countries of Trinidad, Barbados, Guyana and Cuba ceded jurisdiction over the downing of the passenger plane to Venezuela. All four were prosecuted in Caracas for murder. Carriles twice “escaped” from prison in Caracas, the last time in 1985 after the secret intervention of US operatives, while awaiting a civilian trial for the crime. The then ruling regime in Venezuela was marked as an accomplice of a horrible crime.

It is the bitterest irony that the anniversary occurs on the very day that the Harper government demands parliamentary approval to send military forces to another hemisphere thousands of miles away from this continent to commit aggression under the pretext of opposing terrorism, while it is silent on terrorism committed in the nearby Caribbean Sea.

It is the bitterest irony that the Harper government designates “Islamic terrorists” as the greatest threat facing mankind, when the self-confessed engineer of this great crime, Posada Carilles, known as the Bin Laden of the Americas, languishes comfortably in Miami, Florida under U.S. protection.

In its fraudulent offensive, the government and media, which talks about “blowback” and the “victims of terrorism”, is silent on the fact that the aircraft that was destroyed by the Cuban-American terrorists in Barbados was actually owned by Air Canada, a crown corporation at the time. It was one of three Air Canada DC-8s leased to Cubana de Aviaciónm for its Canadian, Caribbean and Guyana services. The lease was negotiated in the context of Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau’s tour of Cuba, Venezuela and Mexico in January-February of that same year.


Demonstration by families of the victims on October 6, 2011

Months before the Barbados crime, the main figures of the White House had launched harsh threats against Cuba due to the well-known internationalist help Cuba was providing Angola; the terrorist aggressions against Cuba then intensified. CIA director George H. Bush demanded that the offensive against the Republic of Cuba be centrally co-ordinated under CIA direction and funding as part of Operation Condor. They were directed primarily against Cuban diplomatic headquarters and airline agencies of the same nationality, especially in Panama and Caribbean countries that maintained relations with Havana, such as Mexico, Colombia, Jamaica, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela as well as Canada.

For the organization of their subversive activities they used first, the bases mounted over the years in Miami and Puerto Rico, as well as the territories of Chile and Nicaragua where they moved freely with official assistance.

On June 11, 1976 the actual meeting that planned the terrorism, as well as the assassination of Orlando Letelier, the former foreign minister of Chile then resident in Washington, the capital of the U.S., took place at an exclusive resort lodge owned by Falcondo, a subsidiary of  Falconbridge Mines, in Bonao, Dominican Republic.

Falconbridge was a multinational US-owned, Canadian registered corporation, the second largest nickel monopoly in the world (after INCO) and the 18th largest corporation in Canada. It was owned by Texas oil interests with close links to George H. Bush and the White House. The whole Falcondo operation was cloaked in secrecy, preserved by a large security force run by Sacha Volman. A longtime CIA agent, Volman had been appointed by Falcondo as its director of labour relations six years before in 1970.

The purpose of the meeting was to coordinate future actions against Cuban agencies, their personnel and interests of countries that, despite the pressures, maintained relations with the Cuban government. During the first meeting, over 20 assembled individuals representing terrorist factions based in the United States founded CORU, an anagram for the Coordinación de Organizaciones Revolucionarias Unidas, headed by Orlando Bosch.

The agenda of the second meeting was to plan more than 20 acts of terror for immediate execution. All those present signed, except the members of the fascist group Cuban Nationalist Movement (MNC), who claimed that they had an action ordered by the Chilean National Intelligence Directorate (DINA), which was not another, as it became known later, that the assassination of the Chilean former ambassador to Washington, Orlando Letelier del Solar, which would be completed on September 21, 1976.

No warning was given by U.S. authorities to Havana that Bosch was out to destroy a civilian airliner, although Cuba numerous times had warned the United States of its intelligence reports indicating terrorism directed against leading personages of that country.

CIA documents attest to the foreknowledge it had of the plans that were devised to bring down the Cuban plane. They did nothing to prevent it, they did not transmit a simple timely alert to the Cuban authorities.

A secret document declassified and dated October 13, 1976, with the entry “Land no. 7514”, identified the source as:

“A former Venezuelan government official, who is usually a reliable informant.”

And alerted:

“This information is not for discussion with any foreign official, including those of the Venezuelan government.”

The text on the demolition plan stated:

“Bosch made the statement: ‘Now that our organization has left Letelier work with a good presence, let’s try something else.’”

Added the report:

{{System: Quote | A few days later at a fundraiser, Posada was heard saying “we are going to attack a Cuban plane” and “Orlando has the details”.}

Previously, on June 22, 1976, the CIA had advanced knowledge of plans to shoot down Cuban civil aircraft, as revealed by a document of that agency dated and distributed that day. It reported:

“Secret, sensitive class report, sources and intelligence methods involved. Do not divulge to foreign nationals. Not distributable among contracted or contracted consultants.
A businessman with close ties to the community of Cuban exiles. He is usually a reliable informant. He revealed that an extremist group of exiled Cubans, of which Orlando Bosch is the leader, plans to place a bomb on a flight of the Cuban airline that travels between Panama and Havana. The original plans for this operation suggested that two bombs would be put on the flight of June 21, 1976, number 467, which was scheduled to leave Panama at 11:15 am local time in Panama.”

Copies of the document were sent to the State Department, Intelligence Directorate of the Army, Army, Navy, Air Force, FBI, and the CIA, but the Cuban government never received this information, which even required that two bombs be placed, such as happened later in Barbados; the document  mentioned the criminal Orlando Bosch as a manager of the crime and, in addition, the objective would be a civil aircraft of the Cuban Aviation airline. All this precise data was known by the CIA four months before October 6.

Bosch and other members of CORU were also implicated in attacks on Canadian nationals, property and interests. In that same month, June of 1976, Bosch is on record that he sent a bomb to the Cuban embassy in Ottawa, aimed at hindering the relations between Canada and Cuba and enforcing the illegal U.S. blockade of Cuba. Nor was this a unique incident. It was one of many targets attacked by Cuban-American terrorists inside and outside the territory of Canada during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.

Earlier, on July 9, 1976 a suitcase had exploded when it was carried to another DC-8 aircraft of Cubana de Aviación leased from Air Canada on the airport runway in Kingston, Jamaica. A bomb exploded in a luggage taken onboard the Cuban passenger plane. Fortunately, its departure had been delayed 40 minutes due to operational causes. Thanks to this, a terrible catastrophe was narrowly avoided.

Protesters outside the Carriles immigration hearing in El Paso, TEas demand his extradition to Venezuela and the release of the Cuban Five.

Protesters outside the Carriles immigration hearing in El Paso, Texas demand his extradition to Venezuela and the release of the Cuban Five.

In May 1989 a report issued by the U.S. Acting Attorney General Joe D. Whitley explicitly declared Bosch a public enemy of the United States. It denied asylum to this dangerous character for the 30-odd terrorist acts committed, among them the hideous Barbados bombing. The U.S. Attorney General emphasized one particular act:

“In October 1976, Bosch was arrested in Venezuela in relation with the bombing committed against a Cuban civilian airliner on October 6, 1976, which killed 73 men, women and children aboard.”

Nevertheless, Bosch was admitted to the U.S. at the behest of the Bush administration, where he lived and plotted freely until his death. Thanks to the support of the U.S. government, (Posada Carilles, the Bin Laden of the Americas, the biggest terrorist in the Western Hemisphere, died in Miami a free man on May 23, 2018 without paying his debts to justice or reparations to a single one of his victims.)

Fabio di Celmo

Fabio di Celmo

Canada is a signatory of the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings and the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation. Yet successive federal governments have failed to support the credible and legitimate demand of the Bolivarian Government of Venezuela, backed by Trinidad, Barbados and Cuba, to the United States to extradite Luis Posada Carriles for terrorist crimes committed in their sovereign countries, specifically bombing the Cuban aircraft in October, 1976 and the Havana hotels in 1997, which included the murder of Fabio di Celmo, a resident of Montreal, Canada, who was visiting Cuba with his father.

The collusion of the Chretien Liberals consisted of whitewashing Fabio di Celmo’s murder. It feigned that the innocent victim was technically an Italian national, and hence of no concern to the Government of Canada. In the 1970s, the Trudeau Liberals declared the destruction of the Cubana Flight / Air Canada DC 8 455 business as usual, satisfied with collecting the insurance on the loss of property of Air Canada, then a crown corporation.

Today, the Harper government is no less an abettor and promoter of international terrorism than U.S. imperialism. The silence of the Government of Canada is all the more criminal given that one of the tasks of a sovereign country is to protect the safety of its citizens and residents and that one of the original objectives of the terrorist attacks was to instil fear in Canadian citizens planning or thinking of traveling to Cuba.

The “war on terror” of the U.S. and Canadian governments is so disingenuous that they shelter and reward the terrorists they prefer, while accusing others of the crimes they commit. Earlier this year, acting as judge and jury, the Obama, Harper and allied regimes launched a hysterical offensive without any evidence to criminalize the Russian Federation and its president, Vladimir Putin, as part of their warmongering, that allegedly it was responsible directly or indirectly for the destruction of the Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 on July 17, 2014 over the war zone in Eastern Ukraine. 

USS Vincennes returns to San Diego October 1988

USS Vincennes returns to San Diego October 1988 to a presidential welcome. Bush, by this time president, awarded both the Commander and the officer in charge of anti-air warfare with the Legion of Merit

The central assumption is that the United States alone is the single state in the world that does not kill innocent civilians, is not at war with anyone, answers to a higher law above international law and the United Nations, and hence has the moral authority to accuse everyone else of criminal activity. Any people such as the Cubans or Ukrainians or Palestinians who resist this authority are “terrorists” and the agents of a foreign power or constitute an “illegitimate” government as with the Syrian Arab Republic to be overthrown.

This disinformation remains silent on the criminal record of the US in destroying civil airliners. The US even heaps the highest honours on those who pull the trigger, as it did with those who shot the missiles on July 3, 1988 that downed Iran-Air flight 655 inside Iranian territory, killing 290 defenceless passengers and crew. Two years later George Bush, by this time president, awarded both the Commander and the officer in charge of anti-air warfare of the USS Vincennes with the Legion of Merit for the “calm and professional atmosphere” under their command during the period of the destruction of the Iranian airliner.

The Bush and Obama administration’s policies at home and abroad have woken a sleeping and silent giant throughout this continent. And, yes: America is one continent and not two as some U.S. textbooks would have us believe.


Filed under History

7 responses to “This day. The Barbados crime, Cubana flight 455 (I)

  1. theanalysis77

    I was impressed with your knowledge of the incident. The Grandmother and grandchildren were my family members. Thanks for the History rewrite.


    • My sincere condolences for your family’s loss from this great crime. This is part of a longer investigation, which focuses on the unwritten and unacknowledged involvement of Canadian interests. It is hard to research. I would appreciate any information no matter the language you might be able to send me ( or suggest. Thank you kindly.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Pingback: Vigil to honour victims of terrorism | Tony Seed's Weblog

  3. Rich

    Great job,cheers! I watched from the shore of Sandy Lane hotel where I worked, as speedboats raced out to the site of the sinking plane. They finally came back with the bad news — no one alive. That was the saddest day.


  4. Pingback: This day. Cuba remembers the victims of the 1976 terrorist attack and demands justice | Tony Seed's Weblog

  5. Pingback: Trump’s defence of terrorism – Oscar Pérez | Tony Seed's Weblog

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