Tag Archives: Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist)

In Memoriam Jim Nugent

January 29, 1950 – June 29, 2022

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) with heavy heart informs you that Comrade Jim Nugent passed away before midnight on June 29, 2022. We send our deepest sympathies to his lifelong partner Christine, their sons and families, his siblings, all family members and to his comrades, former co-workers and many friends.

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In the News*

July 13, 2022

Deep Roots of the Cuban Revolution

Playa Girón in July

For Cubans, the month of July is clearly synonymous with revolution. For this is the month with the glorious 26th, when José Martí was reborn to lead, from his immeasurably great legacy, Fidel and the entire generation that continued the irreversible path to Cuba’s full dignity. – Granma International [More]

Historic Electoral Victory in Colombia Buoys Hope for Peace

Congratulations to the Colombian People!

Colombians who over and over again have had their hopes for peace and an end to over 70 years of war dashed are today expressing optimism for the future. [More]

Truth Commission Releases Final Report on Causes and Consequences of Conflict

On June 28 Colombia’s Truth Commission released its Final Report on the causes and consequences of the armed conflict in Colombia at a ceremony in Bogotá. [More]


Indigenous-Led National Strike Wins Significant Concessions from Neo-Liberal Government

For 18 days beginning on June 13, Indigenous and working people in Ecuador took part in a national strike to demand the government address the urgent needs of the population … [More]


Those Who Stood with the Honduran People Honoured on Anniversary of 2009 Coup

The 13th anniversary of the U.S.-backed coup which overthrew democratically elected president Manuel Zelaya and his government on June 28, 2009 was commemorated this year with a number of political-cultural events. [More]

New Conviction Handed Down for 2016 Murder of Berta Cáceres

On June 20, David Castillo, a U.S.-trained former military intelligence officer and former chief executive officer of Desarrollos Energéticos (DESA), was sentenced to 22 years in prison … [More]

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Earth Day 22. All Out to Humanize the Natural and Social Environment!

– Statement of the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) –

March at COP26 in Glasgow, November 6, 2021

On Earth Day April 22, the peoples of the world come together to demand proper attention be paid to Mother Earth and denounce the reality that their concerns are not being met. The United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) held this past year in Glasgow, Scotland was a complete disaster. More disinformation than ever poured from the mouths of officials from the United States, Britain, Canada and the European countries representing the global elite in control of those economies. They attempted to give the impression of taking measures to bring climate change under control while in fact increasing the number of damaging pay-the-rich schemes and other self-serving practices, all the while spouting the high ideal of “greening the economy.”

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Condemn Israeli occupation forces’ attack on Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem

Stand with the Palestinian People

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) vigorously condemns the Israeli attack on the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem on April 15.

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46th Anniversary of Palestinian Land Day: Uphold Palestinian Right of Return! Support Palestinian Resistance!

This year marks the 46th anniversary of Land Day, which commemorates the events of March 30, 1976, when six Palestinians from Arab villages inside the Green Line were shot and killed by Israeli forces while protesting the confiscation of 5,500 acres of land from the Galilee. Since then, Land Day has been commemorated by Palestinians inside Israel as well as in the West Bank, Gaza and Jerusalem and around the world | Five articles

Badia national festival marks Land Day 2022 in Gaza.

In Palestine rallies and marches mark Land Day. In the towns where the six martyrs were killed 46 years ago, Palestinians lay wreaths at their graves.

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Women in the forefront opening the door to society’s progress and to make Canada a Zone for Peace

– Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) –

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) sends revolutionary regards to all fighting women in this country and around the world on this International Women’s Day. Red salute to all the communist women in the Party whose leadership is indispensable!

This year, March 8th marks the 111th anniversary of the first International Women’s Day in 1911. At that time, on the eve of the First World War, already working women were becoming conscious of the need to coordinate their struggle and express unity for their cause worldwide. Throughout Europe women held demonstrations demanding peace.

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In Memoriam Allan Bezanson, June 21, 1948 – March 6, 2022

With profound sadness, the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) informs you that our Comrade Allan Bezanson passed away today in Halifax, Nova Scotia, at 3:10 pm Atlantic time. Allan always made us proud. He passed away courageously after a long illness, peacefully with Comrade Isaac Saney by his side. He sent everyone his love.

Allan lived his life to the fullest, ever present at the heart of the momentous events in the history of CPC(M-L), Canada and the world since his youth. He represents the best the Canadian working class has given rise to, his life replete with significant shared adventures, honourable decisions, unwavering fidelity to the cause of emancipating humankind, always at the ready to answer the call of history.

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No to plunging the peoples of Europe into a U.S./NATO-provoked war! All out to rally Canadians against warmongering, lies and disinformation

– Statement by the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) –

Anti-war demonstration at U.S. Embassy in Kyiv, February 9, 2022. Demonstrations took place in Kyiv and different places around Europe in February against NATO, including to coincide with the Munich Security Conference meeting in Munich on February 19. 

Amidst all the warmongering, lies and disinformation over what Russia is or is not doing in Ukraine to defend its strategic interests, the obvious question arises as to who is threatening the peace in Europe? Is it Russia because it has taken pre-emptive action to defend its interests against the continuous escalation of the expansion of U.S. troops and bases and of U.S.-led NATO forces on Russia’s borders? Or is it the United States and its aggressive military alliance NATO, which includes Canada, which have expanded their field of operation into eastern Europe threatening the very borders of Russia?

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Prime Minister convokes emergency measures: Beware of secret deals and use of police powers against the peoples’ struggles


CPC(M-L) categorically opposes the invocation of the 1988 Emergencies Act. The invocation of emergency powers further raises anarchy to authority. Canadians must themselves work out what to do when both sides are wrong.

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This Day. Anniversary of the Proclamation of War Measures in 1970

Police powers unjustly imprisoned hundreds uring 1970 “October Crisis”

Army deployed on the streets of Montreal October 15, 1970, the day before the War Measures Act is invoked.

October 16 marks the 51st anniversary of the proclamation of the War Measures Act by Pierre Elliott Trudeau and his Liberal government. Trudeau declared a state of “apprehended insurrection” in order to use the powers of the War Measures Act, which had been used in World War I and World War II, to indefinitely detain people without charges or trial.

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Hardial Bains – A Man of Revolutionary Action

82nd Anniversary of the Birth of Hardial Bains, August 15, 1939

Hardial Bains
On August 15, we celebrate the birth, life and work of Hardial Bains, founder and leader of the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist). Hardial Bains was, above all else, a man of revolutionary action. He came to Canada as a youth from India in 1959 and immediately integrated with the life of the working people in British Columbia and took up the struggles of the student youth with whom he shared weal and woe.
• Hardial Bains – A Man of Revolutionary Action
• A Biographical Sketch

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68th Anniversary of Moncada Attack, July 26, 1953

July 26 marks one of the most important dates celebrated in Cuba, Moncada Day or the National Day of Rebellion. It was on July 26, 1953 that revolutionary youth led by Fidel Castro launched their courageous attack on the Batista dictatorship which led to the ultimate liberation of Cuba on January 1, 1959. To this day, this bold action symbolizes the revolutionary spirit and audacity of the Cuban people. The following three articles on its significance are provided by the editorial team of the The Marxist-Leninist (TML) and originally published on July 26, 2021.

• Stand with the Cuban People and Their Revolution!
• Fidel: “Moncada Taught Us to Turn Setbacks into Victories”
• An Event That Changed the Course of History – Granma

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CPC(M-L) calls for support for revolutionary Cuba

States its opposition to US provocation, foreign interference and attacks on Cub’s sovereignty

Cubans across the country take to the streets July 11, 2021 in defence of the Revolution.

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist), known for its consistent and principled stands on international issues, has issued a statement on the current events in Cuba and the attempts to spread social chaos and incite counter-revolution on the island republic. These events, orchestrated by the monopoly media, occur when, on June 23, for the 29th consecutive time, the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly rejected the U.S. economic war against Cuba by a vote of 184 to 2. It highlights that instead of acting to end the US brutal blockade now, “The Government of Canada is appeasing these counterrevolutionary actions and must be called on to cease and desist.” As an example of its hostility to Canadian-Cuban friendship, recall that in March 2020 deputy prime minister Chrystia Freeland blocked an agreement between the Southern Manitoba Chiefs and Cuba for medical assistance to combat the Covid pandemic and instead deployed the military.

For the information of readers, we are printing the full text of its statement:

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In Memoriam Walid Bahlawan, June 5, 1936 – May 29, 2021

In Memoriam Walid Bahlawan, June 5, 1936 – May 29, 2021

I was saddened to learn of the loss of Walid Bahlawan. He was a man whom one only has to meet once and yet is a friend for life. I had the opportunity to meet him when he visited our farm some years ago with a mutual friend. He had read our Dossier on Palestine and we had an animated discussion about his homeland and the current struggle of his people. He appreciated the beauty of nature and asked informed questions about the methods and yield of agriculture in the area. I was not surprised Walid had become a communist after emigrating to Canada, as it is little discussed how many Palestinian workers and peasants did so during their heroic fight for national liberation in the 1940s. I heard later that he had expressed interest in a return visit which unfortunately never materialized. Here is a poignant tribute to Walid from CPC (M-L):

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Glory to the Palestinian Resistance for exposing crime of genocide

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) expresses its deepest sympathies with the people of Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem who have suffered so much once again at the hands of the Israeli bombardments and crimes against humanity perpetrated in the recent period. The current aggression of the Israeli occupiers began with their criminal incursion into the Al Aqsa Mosque where they attacked the worshippers in retaliation for the people’s opposition to state-instigated terrorist actions of settlers dislodging people from their homes. The likes of the U.S. President and appeasers such as the Government of Canada give those committing the crimes the green light by blaming the Palestinian Resistance for “the escalation of violence.” They seek to justify Israel’s crime of genocide by declaring it has “the right to self-defence.” But the world has said, No! It has hailed the Palestinian Resistance and raised the call to Stop the Crimes!

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Anniversary of the Communist Manifesto, February 22, 1848

1. The Manifesto of the Communist Party

Revolutionary leaders Frederick Engels and Karl Marx, authors of the Communist Manifesto, which decisively summed up the communists’ experience and outlook, and the historic role of the working class.

February 22 marks the anniversary of the publication of the first edition of the Communist Manifesto, written in 1848 by Karl Marx and his life-long friend and follower Frederick Engels. The Communist Manifesto became the most read and sought after pamphlet in the world. To this day, the attitude towards this pamphlet distinguishes those who are revolutionary because they use Marxism as a guide to action, from those who are hidebound and dogmatic and have another aim. Continue reading

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Cuba is not a state that sponsors terrorism: Canadian organizations reject US aggression against Cuba

The United States has no moral authority to designate other countries as terrorist states.


Cuba is not a state that sponsors terrorism

Editorial of TML Daily, January 15, 2021

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) condemns the decision of the Trump administration in its final days to designate Cuba as a State Sponsor of Terrorism, which the U.S. State Department did on Monday, January 11. We call on all Canadians to denounce this baseless designation and demand it be retracted immediately. We also call on Canadians to urge the government of Canada to disassociate itself from this outrageous move and call on the international community to refuse to recognize it and not to appease it in any way. Continue reading

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A New Year gets underway: Best wishes for success in 2021

On the occasion of the New Year, the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) salutes all those the world over who have played such a crucial role in 2020 by showing through their deeds that our security lies in the fight to affirm the rights of all.

First and foremost the Party sends warm New Year’s greetings to all its members and supporters. It expresses its profound appreciation of all the efforts made to advance its nation-building project, whose 25th anniversary we marked in 2020 along with the 50th anniversary of the Party’s founding. Many initiatives were taken in the past year to consolidate CPC(M-L)’s Historic Initiative in line with the decisions of the Party’s 8th Congress, with encouraging results. The work to publish TML Weekly and its supplements and Workers’ Forum to encourage all those on the front lines of the fight to affirm the rights of all has been truly exceptional. In the words of one reader: “Best Wishes in 2021 to the Party for all your actions and clarity in the past, may it continue and thrive in the ‘New’ Year!” Continue reading

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Election results in Venezuela favour the people’s forces

December 11, 2020. Deputies to the newly elected National Assembly.

On December 7, with 98.63 per cent of votes cast in Venezuela’s December 6 parliamentary election counted, the President of the National Electoral Council (CNE) of Venezuela, Indira Alfonzo, presented the second bulletin of results. She reported that 6,251,080 valid votes were cast, of which the Great Patriotic Pole (GPP), an alliance of parties led by the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, received 68.43 per cent. The opposition alliance Democratic Action received 17.52 per cent; a second opposition alliance, Venezuela United, received 4.15 per cent, and the Communist Party of Venezuela/Popular Revolutionary Alternative obtained 2.7 per cent. Other political organizations that participated received a combined total of 6.48 per cent of the votes. Turnout was reported to be 30.6 per cent of registered voters. Continue reading

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50th anniversary of War Measures Act (V) – Courageous resistance to military occupation and attempt to isolate Quebec

Fifth in a series on the issues and goals of the “October Crisis” and the forces in motion, reposted from TML Weekly.

University of Calgary students hold a large rally on campus on October 27, 1970 to denounce the War Measures Act. After the rally, 300 students march angrily to downtown Calgary. Some 1,000 students in Regina organize similar actions.

By Christine Dandenault

When the government of Pierre Elliot Trudeau enacted the War Measures Act on October 16, 1970 and the army was deployed in the streets of Ottawa and Montreal before that and arrests began, opposition and resistance was immediate across the country. Students and youth, intellectuals, working people and other collectives in their thousands protested all across the country. The following account is taken from newspapers published by the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) and its affiliated organizations at the time the events were taking place. Continue reading

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50th anniversary of War Measures Act (IV) – Honour to those unjustly imprisoned during the 1970 ‘October Crisis’

Fourth in a series on the issues and goals of the “October Crisis” and the forces in motion, reposted from TML Weekly.

Rally of 1,500 in Vancouver, October 19, 1970, one of many actions across the country supporting the Quebec people’s struggle and opposing imposition of the War Measures Act.

Youth fill Paul Sauvé Arena in Montreal in support of Quebec national liberation on the eve of the declaration of the War Measures Act in October 1970. A number of the youth in attendance are among those arrested in the raids which follow the Act being invoked.

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50th anniversary of War Measures Act (II) – Police power above the civil power: The true nature of Canadian democracy

Second of a series on the issues and goals of the “October Crisis” and the forces in motion, reposted from TML Weekly.

Demonstration outside Tanguay prison in Montreal, January 1971, calls for the release of political prisoners detained under the War Measures Act.

Media disinformation about the invocation of the War Measures Act in 1970 tends to focus only on some events which were taking place in October 1970 and discussion on whether or not Pierre Elliot Trudeau over-reacted or if there truly was a state of apprehended insurrection at the time. Information brought to light in 2010 about the RCMP’s secret plans, first devised in 1950, for indefinite detention and internment of thousands of Canadians, code-named PROFUNC (PROminent FUNCtionaries of the Communist Party), was used, amongst other things, to suggest that the phenomenon of the police being above the civil power was a thing of the past. Continue reading

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50th anniversary of War Measures Act (I) – The significance of the proclamation of War Measures

Demonstration on Parliament Hill in Ottawa in 1970 opposing the invoking of the War Measures Act.

First of a series on the issues and goals of the “October Crisis” and the forces in motion, reposted from TML Weekly.

The Significance of the Proclamation of War Measures

By Pauline Easton

Army deployed on the streets of Montreal October 15, 1970, the day before the War Measures Act is invoked.

October 16, 2020 will mark the 50th Anniversary of the proclamation of the War Measures Act by the Liberal government headed by Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Trudeau declared a state of “apprehended insurrection” in order to use the powers of the War Measures Act, which had been used in World War I and World War II to indefinitely detain people without charges or trial.

The police carried out more than 1,000 raids between October 7 and 10, 1970. Using the provisions of the National Defence Act, the army appeared on the streets of Ottawa on October 12 and on the streets of Montreal on October 15. After the War Measures Act was invoked, the police carried out another 3,068 raids and searches without warrants. During these raids police arrested 465 people and held them without charges. The vast majority of the people arrested were released after 21 days without charges while others were held for longer periods. Continue reading


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Our Hearts Are with Beirut

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) expresses its deepest sympathies to the families of all victims of the August 4 explosion in Beirut, another tragedy of unprecedented proportions which has hit the Lebanese people at home and abroad including the large Lebanese community in Quebec and Canada. Our hearts go out to those living in Beirut and to the Lebanese people who have been sorely tested, and even more so within the extremely difficult conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic, onerous demands and conditions imposed by the international financial institutions and continuous breaches of Lebanon’s sovereignty by Zionist and Anglo-American forces along with Lebanon’s former colonial power France and others such as Canada. Continue reading

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75th anniversary of the use of nuclear weapons in Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Never Again! All Out to Make Canada a Zone for Peace

75 Years: Canada, Nuclear Weapons and the UN Ban Treaty


On the very sad anniversaries of the U.S. nuclear attacks against the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, on August 6 and 9, 1945 respectively, the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) expresses its deepest respects to the survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and their families. Continue reading


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Canada Day 2020: The Need to Build Canada on the New Historical Basis

– Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) –

Canada Day 2020 marks the 153rd anniversary of Confederation established by the Royal Proclamation of 1867. Today, Canadians face the necessity to enact a new Constitution to replace the one used to found Canada in the conditions that prevailed in 1867. The need to renew the democracy and to renew the nation is a historical challenge which must be accomplished in order for Canada to meet the needs of its people and contribute the same to the peoples of the world. A modern constitution must abolish the Royal Prerogative on which the present Constitution is based. It must vest sovereignty in the people and get rid of the police powers which maintain privileges in lieu of rights. Continue reading

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The bankruptcy of US institutions


Black Panthers at the front of march for justice for George Floyd in Atlanta, GA to protect participants.

The current situation in the United States shows the anarchy and chaos into which the U.S. government and financial oligarchy have plunged the country, because that is all they have to offer in their efforts to save the imperialist system and their absolute power. Continue reading

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Brutal killing of George Floyd: Yes to resistance! No to the use of police powers and the military to criminalize politics!

60,000 protest in Houston, TX, George Floyd’s hometown, June 3, 2020.

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) expresses its deepest sympathies for the family of George Floyd and all other victims of police impunity and killings in the United States.

CPC(M-L) denounces all racist attacks  – whether they are spontaneous or organized by a crisis-ridden failed state which gives itself a green light to govern through unfettered police powers and the use of the military. In the United States, confronting state violence is a way of life, which tells us the kind of democracy that exists there. It is the resistance of the people, especially African-Americans, as well as Puerto Ricans, Hispanics, Indigenous peoples and all minorities, along with working people of all origins, which tells us about the courage and fighting spirit that characterize the U.S. working class and people. CPC(M-L) strongly believes that this resistance is of the calibre that will find the way forward in a manner which holds the racist American state to account. We are one humanity, waging one struggle for peace, freedom and democracy. Canadians stand as one with their U.S. sisters and brothers. Continue reading

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Webinar to celebrate 45th anniversary of the reunification of Vietnam

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Pandemic reveals new direction Canada needs

What does it mean when the Prime Minister and other Government of Canada Ministers and Premiers say they are sorting things out with the U.S. imperialists? What are they negotiating and whom does it favour? PAULINE EASTON and K.C. ADAMS  #COVIDCanada

Times of crisis have a tendency to reveal the truth of a matter in stark and often startling ways. Following Canada’s announcement of having ratified the new NAFTA trade deal with the United States and Mexico, the ugly reality of a trading relationship, declared to be mutually beneficial, has been revealed.

U.S. President Donald Trump announced in a White House press briefing on April 3 that he would use the Defense Production Act to prevent U.S. companies from selling N95 respirators, surgical masks, gloves and other personal protective equipment to other countries, including Canada and Mexico. He issued an executive order giving the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) the power to “allocate to domestic use” several types of medical personal protective equipment that would otherwise be exported.

“It is the policy of the United States to prevent domestic brokers, distributors, and other intermediaries from diverting such material overseas,” the executive order reads while giving FEMA some discretion, telling the agency to stop exports “as appropriate.”

“We need these items immediately for domestic use. We have to have them,” Trump said at his daily briefing, describing medical supply exporters as “unscrupulous actors and profiteers.”

Medical manufacturer 3M, headquartered in St. Paul, Minnesota and with plants throughout the world, said in a statement that the U.S. government has ordered it to stop sending N95 respirator masks to Canada and Latin America. “The administration also requested that 3M cease exporting respirators that we currently manufacture in the United States to the Canadian and Latin American markets. There are, however, significant humanitarian implications of ceasing respirator supplies to health care workers in Canada and Latin America, where we are a critical supplier of respirators,” 3M said. News agencies report the company warned that if other countries retaliate, “the net number of respirators being made available to the United States would actually decrease.”

Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau responded saying that blocking trade to Canada could “end up hurting Americans as much as it hurts anybody else.” He alluded to the fact that many Canadian health care workers cross over from Windsor, Ontario to Detroit, Michigan every day to work in the U.S. medical system and that U.S. companies producing personal protective equipment receive necessary material inputs from Canadian producers. “The level of integration between our economies goes both ways across the border,” Trudeau said, adding, “It would be a mistake to create blockages or reduce the amount of back-and-forth trade in essential goods and services, including medical goods, across our border.”

Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said, “I do want to assure Canadians that our government – as has been demonstrated by our action – is prepared to do whatever it takes to defend the national interest.”

For his part, Ontario Premier Doug Ford expressed over and over again his “disappointment” with the decision. “I can’t stress how disappointed I am with President Trump for making this decision,” Ford said at a press conference. Quebec Premier François Legault echoed this sentiment, emphasizing the importance of provinces being self-sufficient when it comes to medical equipment. “I’m not going to rely on President Trump, I’m not going to rely on any prime minister or president or any other country ever again,” Legault said.

The Heart of the Trading Relations

To see and hear those who claim to represent Canada posturing as if Canada is independent of the U.S. and an equal trading partner is quite sickening. They parade their ignorance of historical truths to force people into believing they represent “Canadian interests” and not those of the global financial oligarchy.

The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) sorted out how the matter of Canada-U.S. relations poses itself shortly after its founding in the 1970s. At that time, some proclaimed that Canada was an oppressed nation and the struggle for independence was the main issue for the Canadian people. Others called Canada an imperialist power with its main contradiction between the bourgeoisie and the working class.

CPC(M-L) pointed to the necessity of making clear distinctions when analyzing, such as:

– between colonies proper and others that one could call derivative colonies;

– between global owners of social wealth, what was called the big bourgeoisie, and owners of local or national social wealth, called the national bourgeoisie;

– between dependence and independence; and

– between an oppressor state and an oppressed state.

To characterize Canada as a colony proper, a country occupied by a European colonizing population means that the state is oppressed. In this regard, CPC(M-L) pointed out the facts of the matter. Canada was established as a colony in the 1790s in the style of colonies established with oppressor states. To say that Canada was a colony proper and that the Canadian state was an oppressor state is not contradictory. A state can be a dependant state like Canada’s, while at the same time being an oppressor state. There is no contradiction there either.

Another thesis refuted by CPC(M-L)’s investigation and analysis claimed that the question of the independence or the dependence of Canada is tied up with whether or not a bourgeois democratic revolution has taken place.

CPC(M-L) pointed out that the success or failure of a bourgeois democratic revolution does not decide the questions of whether or not Canada has an oppressed state, whether or not Canada is dependant, and whether Canada is a colony proper or not. In Canada, a democratic revolution against the colonial power never took place, and in Quebec, the British suppressed the nascent republic, preventing the democratic revolution from happening.

CPC(M-L) pointed out that from the time of the British colonial conquest of New France in the 1760s, the British colonialists established the capitalist mode of production in what is now Quebec, while at the same time perpetuating certain aspects of feudalism that had been imported from pre-revolutionary feudal France.

After the setback suffered by the British colonialists with the American Revolution in 1776, they planted the expelled so-called United Empire Loyalists in what is now Canada. This was meant to consolidate the British colonial position in British North America.

The British colonialists established an oppressor state in York (Toronto region) in the 1790s, with a capitalist mode of production throughout Upper Canada and wherever it expanded. The socio-economic system and political forms of the English bourgeoisie were extended into what is now called Canada, over which it ruled.

Canada’s ruling elite and their governments, media and social base have also perpetuated another plank in their disinformation. This concerns the history of the development of capitalism in Canada into imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism, the development of industrial mass production into monopoly capitalism, and the merging of owners of industrial and financial social wealth into a financial oligarchy that sends its social wealth around the world in search of maximum profit.

Right from the 1790s and especially since 1867, the state has played a major role in establishing in Canada a capitalist socio-economic system with monopolies imposed upon it. The major branches of large-scale industry in Canada are a consequence of the import of social wealth into the country, mainly from Britain and, after the beginning of the 20th century, from the United States.

With the onset of the general crisis of global imperialism during and after World War I, state monopoly capitalism emerged in Canada. It was particularly dominant in the manufacturing, mining and forestry sectors, as the embracing feature of the economic system. This means that the socio-economic system became state monopoly capitalist, i.e. an imperialist system overlaid with monopolies, mainly multinational U.S. imperialist corporations. Within this system, the state operates as an executive committee of the most powerful owners of social wealth who together finance, direct, control and are generally active in and dominate the key economic sectors and send the social wealth they own and control throughout the world in relentless pursuit of maximum profit.

Within this situation, the Canadian state is an oppressor state within the world imperialist system of states. Nevertheless Canada has features that have perpetuated from its colonial beginning. Its imperialism is dependant on the more powerful members of the imperialist system of states and its state is dominated by U.S. imperialism.

Today, as a result of neo-liberal globalization and the striving of U.S. imperialism for worldwide hegemony, the Canadian economy and state are not just dominated by U.S. imperialism but are integrated into its global cartels and war economy.

Food for Thought

CPC(M-L) carried out the economic and historical analysis of Canada with the participation of thousands of people from all walks of life in the early 1970s. The Party established that the social base of reaction and the ruling elite in Canada is the imperialist social class, the financial oligarchy. The ruling elite include Canadian owners of great social wealth and those who exist as an extension of the U.S. imperialist financial oligarchy. The ruling elite own, control and monopolize the vast majority of the economy. They control the main means of production and expropriate the added-value the Canadian working people produce.

In Canada, what could be termed a national class of owners of social wealth, or a national bourgeoisie, is extremely weak and has proven itself incapable of fighting the ruling financial oligarchy that is integrated within the U.S.-controlled imperialist system of states.

In Canada, the class of owners of social wealth with only a home market and production of goods and services for that home market is overwhelmed by the financial oligarchy and U.S. imperialism. This class of Canadian owners of social wealth for the home market cannot sustain an independent existence because the financial oligarchy in control is the base of the U.S. imperialist domination of Canada.

The ruling elite of the financial oligarchy are reactionary through and through and do not permit the state power to be used to favour the peoples of Canada. This is why, to wage their struggles effectively, the Canadian working people have to take into account the reactionary financial oligarchy of big owners of social wealth and the U.S. imperialists and their system of states. The spokespersons for the current arrangements cover this up by presenting government representatives as representing “Canada” and “Canadians” while in fact they represent the dominant financial oligarchy and U.S. imperialism.

What the current crisis is revealing provides a lot of food for thought. Can the Canadian working class and other strata of the people go along with this so-called anti-pandemic war the Government of Canada declares to be waging on behalf of the nation? What does it mean when the Prime Minister and other Government of Canada Ministers and Premiers say they are sorting things out with the U.S. imperialists? What are they negotiating and whom does it favour? What does it mean when the Premiers of Ontario and Quebec say that to be self-sufficient in medical equipment is important for them when in fact no manufacturing of any significant capacity is independent of the U.S. imperialists and capable of taking decisions that favour Canada’s national interests.

To be truly independent demands independence from the U.S.-controlled imperialist system of states and its war economy. To be truly independent means to have the courage to oppose the financial oligarchy that is completely integrated with U.S. imperialism and which colludes and contends within its own ranks for the sole purpose of serving narrow private interests.

A new direction out from under this control beckons Canadians.

The pandemic crisis reveals an alternative is not only necessary but possible with organization, audacity and clear thinking.


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