Tag Archives: Indian Act

A brief recollection of Canada’s ‘Indian Policy’

The Kuper Island Residential School in British Columbia is picured in this June 19, 1941, archive photo.
The Kuper Island Residential School in British Columbia, where 160+ unmarked graves were discovered in July 2021, is pictured in this June 19, 1941, archival photo.

At the time of the conquest and into the 19th century, what is called “Indian policy” was diplomatic and military in orientation. Both the English and the French conquerors recognized the Indigenous peoples’ nations. Besides other proof, it is known that they sought and formed alliances with various nations on a sovereign and independent basis. They also entered into the Two Row Wampum which established nation-to-nation relations. Their military and diplomatic policy towards these nations means they were forced to form alliances with them for purposes of defence and for purposes of making advances in the fur trade, in exploration, etc. In 1763, at which time the problem of settlement began to be posed, the Crown gave an assurance by Royal Proclamation that “the Indians” would not be disturbed in their territories beyond the settled colonies. “Indian land” could be surrendered only to the Crown and only by a “General Assembly of Indians.”

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Special edition: Standing with the Wet’suwet’en Land Defenders

Hereditary chiefs evict Coastal GasLink from their territory, January 4, 2020.

In the pre-dawn hours, shortly before 5:00 am (PST) on Thursday, February 6, 13 RCMP units descended on the 39km Trading/Supply Post on Wet’suwet’en territory, breaking down a defence wall constructed by the land defenders and arresting everyone who was in the camp, except for media who were detained and taken out of the area in police vehicles. There were reports of guns being drawn and communications were lost with that checkpoint after RCMP reportedly smashed the window of the radio vehicle. The RCMP have now made a total of six arrests today on Gidimt’en territories. A police exclusion zone has been implemented and Indigenous people are being forcefully removed from their territories by the colonial state.

A statement issued by the Wet’suwet’en Hereditary Chiefs Wednesday morning, February 5, noting that the enforcement of the Coastal Gaslink injunction zone was imminent, says:

“We are peaceful people and we have every right to protect the land that defines and sustains us. We continue to honour our ancient laws, shaped over millennia to ensure a sustainable relationship with the land; while BC and Canada fail to honour their recent commitments to reconciliation and to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People.

“The world is watching RCMP and CGL’s militarized invasion of our territories. Massih (thank you) to all our allies who continue to use your voices and actions to stand with us. We are protecting our right to exist as Indigenous people, while protecting the land and water for everyone’s future generations.”,

The massive resistance being waged by the Wet’suwet’en Land Defenders and Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples alike across Canada and internationally in defence of a just cause deserves everyone’s active support and participation.

Due to the disinformation and hysteria on “rule of law” and “shortages” by the Canadian government and the mass media to attack their cause, we are posting a special edition for the information of our readers, composed of nine articles published by TML Weekly on February 15, 2020 that looks beyond the headlines. Plus an extensive photo review of solidarity actions across the country and internationally, including the United States, England and New Zealand.

Since then over 8,000 people demonstrated in Toronto on February17, an action was held at the Rainbow Bridge/U.S. border in Niagara Falls, and a call has been issued for international solidarity actions to demand that the RCMP and Coastal Gaslink get out of Wet’suwet’en unceded territory. Events are planned for Germany, Sweden, Ireland, Australia and the United States. See here or here for updated information on events. #Wetsuweten and #WetsuwetenStong, 

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For your information. How the Canadian government imposed the band council system on Indigenous nations

Posted below is an extract from Part III, Chapter 15 of the book Stolen Continents by Ronald Wright, which is a historical overview of the brutal impact of European colonization on the ancient peoples of the Americas.

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The media and the fear factor: Conning Canadians and demonizing Indigenous People

From the Atlantic to the Pacific, the Indigenous Nations are fighting for their rights, identity, land and resources. The assault by the state at all levels in collusion with the monopoly media on the Indigenous peoples is an assault on the democratic rights all Canadians, as sovereigntist leaders have been warning for years. “The Indigenous people are the canary in the coal mine.” – TS

Presentation by Kahn-Tineta Horn, Kahnawake, Mohawk Territory Indigenous People’s Solidarity Rally, Montreal, June 19, 2004

I’m here today to give you a warning. I want to tell you about what’s happening at Kanehsatake because what’s happening there is a direct threat to the future of your children and my grandchildren. If we want to protect the future of the next seven generations, we have to act now and we have to act together. Continue reading

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