Tag Archives: Scramble for Africa

The New Scramble for Africa

On the occasion of the 136th anniversary of the Berlin Conference, which was opened on November 15, 1884, and continued until it closed on 26 February 1885

Africa can still turn this situation around, reclaim its sovereign rights and take its rightful place on the world stage, writes Adam [Jonathan Ernst/Reuters]

By HAKIM ADI

(April 15, 2013) – In 1884 The Times newspaper coined the phrase ‘Scramble for Africa’ to describe the contention between the major European powers for a share of what the Belgian king Leopold contemptuously referred to as  ‘this magnificent African cake.’[1] Britain, France, Belgian, Germany and the other big powers each attempted to carve out their share of the African continent during the infamous Berlin Conference, held over several months in the winter of 1884-1885. They then proceeded to invade and occupy their designated colonies in the period leading up to World War I, without any concern for the fate of the inhabitants of the African continent. That was the era of the so-called ‘civilising mission’ and ‘White man’s burden,’ that provided openly racist justifications for the conquest and partition of almost the entire African continent. It was undoubtedly one of the great crimes against humanity leading to literally millions of deaths of African men, women and children even in a single colony, such as King Leopold’s ironically named Congo Free State.[2] Continue reading

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This day in 1945: On Holocaust Memorial Day

Red Army doctor attends to Auschwitz prisoner after its liberation In January, 1945

Red Army doctor attends to Auschwitz prisoner after its liberation on January 27, 1945

In this seminal essay originally published on this website in 2009, Dr Hakim Adi challenges the false narrative around Holocaust Memorial Day. January 27, the day of the liberation of Auschwitz by the Red Army in 1945, is commemorated as Holocaust Memorial Day internationally.

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Warship Watch. Canada deploys two warships to West Africa

By TONY SEED

Canada has deployed two warships, HMCS Kingston and HMCS Shawinigan, to West Africa  – “to work with partners & allies to enhance maritime security + stability” in the Gulf of Guinea,” in the words of Vice Admiral Ron Lloyd. Maritime Forces Atlantic (MARLANT) stated the aim of “ West Africa today, is to work with African nations to build partner capacity, promote maritime security, and foster relationships in the region.” None of this has to do with the defence of Canada. Continue reading

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This day. African Liberation Day

african-peopleMay 25 is marked worldwide as African Liberation Day. Since the 1960’s African Liberation Day has served to advance the cause of the African peoples against colonialism and neo-colonialism which keeps them enslaved. Its precursor was African Freedom Day, established in 1958 and celebrated on April 15, later becoming African Liberation Day in 1963. According to http://www.thetalkingdrum.com: Continue reading

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New scramble for Africa: Spurious justifications of Britain, France and the EU for intervention in Africa

WORKERS’ WEEKLY 

Placard reads: “Loving Freedom, reduced to slavery. Europe is an accomplice to crimes.” Protest against slavery in Libya outside Libyan Embassy in Paris on November 24, 2017.

The annual Anglo-French summit meeting took place on January 18 with a high-level meeting at the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst between Prime Minister Theresa May and President Macron. Although the summit’s agenda was presented as wide-ranging, it was evident that increasing military activity and what is referred to as security co-operation was at the heart of the meeting. What was particularly evident, was increasing intervention in the affairs of African countries by France and Britain both to prevent what is described as the threat of “Islamist-terrorism” in the Sahel and to establish the borders of the European Union (EU) firmly in that region allegedly to control the flow of migrants to Europe and prevent modern forms of slavery. Continue reading

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New scramble for Africa: Foreign military bases in Africa

United States

U.S. military bases, outposts, port facilities, and other areas of access in Africa, 2002-2015 | Nick Turse/TomDispatch, 2015 (Click to enlarge)

In 2015 the United States publicly disclosed that it has 46 U.S. bases of different types in Africa, after claiming for years it only had one. Previously secret documents obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request revealed what has long been known which is that the U.S. operates various levels of outposts across Africa. The documents divide the bases into three categories: forward operating sites, cooperative security locations and contingency locations. Continue reading

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New scramble for Africa: No to expanding Canada’s military presence in Africa

By ENVER VILLAMIZAR

On March 19, Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan and Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland announced that Canada would be sending a task force of an as-yet undetermined number of troops and Chinook and Griffon helicopters to join the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) for a one-year deployment. The announcement in fact expands Canada’s military involvement in Mali and the Sahel region of Africa which has been ongoing since 2010.[1] Continue reading

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New scramble for Africa: Germany, catching up

BERLIN/ACCRA (Feb. 28) – To compensate for its loss of influence in Africa, the German government is taking the occasion of the Ghanaian president’s visit in Berlin today to push for a rapid expansion of business relations with Ghana. This must be seen in the context of China’s growing influence on the African continent. Already sub-Sahara’s most important trading partner, China will most likely become the regions largest investor in the foreseeable future. Ghana plays only a secondary role among Germany’s trading partners in Africa, but it is viewed as a door opener to the African market. Within the framework of the G20-“Compact with Africa,” Berlin has concluded a “reform partnership” with Accra, intended to facilitate German investments in Ghana. The fact that Ghana’s President Nana Akufo-Addo needs foreign investors to fulfill his electoral promises is thereby seen as advantageous. To secure its influence, the German government is also intensifying its military relations with Ghana. Continue reading

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The US military moves deeper into Africa

America’s war-fighting footprint in Africa: Secret U.S. military documents reveal a constellation of American military bases across that continent | NICK TURSE*

General Thomas Waldhauser sounded a little uneasy.  “I would just say, they are on the ground.  They are trying to influence the action,” commented the chief of U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) at a Pentagon press briefing in March, when asked about Russian military personnel operating in North Africa.  “We watch what they do with great concern.”  Continue reading

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Libya then and now: An overview of NATO’s handiwork

libya_nato_latuff_400In 2011, as the entire world watched the Arab Spring in amazement, the US and its allies, predominantly  working under the banner of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), militarily overran the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

The peaceful civilian protesters they claimed to be intervening to protect were not really what the US and its cohorts presented to the world. Many of these so-called “protesters” were armed and, when this became apparent, they eventually began to portray themselves as “rebel forces.”
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The white man’s burden? The new scramble for Africa

A James Robinson Johnston Chair in Black Canadian Studies Distinguished Lecture by Dr. Hakim Adi, an internationally renowned scholar on Africa and Pan-Africanism.

7pm, Tuesday, March 20 • Room 303, Dalhousie Student Union Building • 6136 University Avenue • Halifax, NS Continue reading

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Africa: Battleground for NATO’s 21st century Strategic Concept

By RICK ROZOFF*, Stop NATO

(May 20, 2011) – THE WAR by major North Atlantic Treaty Organization member states against Libya is in its third month and has been conducted under the official auspices of NATO for the past fifty days.

According to the military bloc’s daily online tally [1], Alliance military aircraft have flown over 7,200 missions and more than 2,800 combat flights since NATO inaugurated so-called Operation Unified Protector on March 31.

The world’s only military alliance stands to match or exceed the 78-day duration of its air war against Yugoslavia in 1999 if not to deploy troops in Libya in what could expand into protracted combat and occupation roles like those in Afghanistan and adjoining nations where the Pentagon and NATO will mark the tenth anniversary of their invasion this October 7.

Recently Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko “Pointed out that the operation in Libya is becoming the first actual litmus test for NATO’s new strategic concept,” [2] a reference to the latest Strategic Concept adopted by the 28-nation alliance at its summit in Lisbon, Portugal last November, the first in this century and since that endorsed at the Washington summit in 1999 when NATO was waging its first war (against Yugoslavia) and incorporating its first post-Cold War recruits (the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland).

The war against Libya was also the test case for U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM), the first overseas military command launched by the Pentagon since the end of the Cold War (its predecessor, Central Command, was created in 1983), whose Joint Task Force Odyssey Dawn was in charge of bombing runs and cruise missile attacks in and a naval blockade of Libya from March 19-30. Continue reading

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The scramble for Africa – Berlin Conference to AFRICOM

THE HODGEPODGE of geometric boundaries that today divide Africa into 50 plus irregular nations under Eurocentric subjugation all started in Berlin, Germany on November 15, 1884, writes ITAI MUCHENA*. Today Germany unashamedly hosts the headquarters for the new U.S. African Command (AFRICOM). Continue reading

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Canada sends warship to Africa, part of NATO Rapid Response Fleet

By TONY SEED

First of four articles on Canada, the NATO Fleet and Africa

HALIFAX (August 1, 2007) – IN THE MIDST of the 200th anniversary of the “abolition” of the slave trade, and on the heels of the UN decision to deploy 12,000 troops to Darfur, the Government of Canada despatched the warship HMCS Toronto to participate in an unprecedented two-month NATO fleet circumnavigation around Africa. The warship departed from Halifax on July 20 in the midst of a localized media blitz. As a form of psychological pressure, the two daily newspapers were replete with articles over a two-day period depicting the emotional good byes of the families of the departing sailors. The media forgot to inform the families that the deployment is part of the expansion of the aggressive NATO bloc into a self-appointed global police force. Continue reading

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African Liberation Day

MAY 25 is marked worldwide as African Liberation Day. Since the 1960s African Liberation Day has served to advance the cause of the African peoples against colonialism and neo-colonialism which keeps them enslaved. Its precursor was African Freedom Day, established in 1958 and celebrated on April 15, later becoming African Liberation Day in 1963. According to http://www.thetalkingdrum.com:

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