Tag Archives: war economy

Mining in Northwest Territories: Promoting the war industry in the name of ’greening‘ the economy

By Fernand Deschamps

Recently the federal and Ontario governments, in the same way Quebec and other provincial and territorial governments have, pledged to increase the supply of critical minerals that will benefit the U.S. war economy.

Canadians are not consulted when agreements are reached between the U.S. and Canada and they are opposed to the exploitation and plunder of natural resources to benefit war production.

Canadian provinces and territories and Quebec are already sites for the extraction of critical minerals for the U.S. war industry including uranium, nickel, cobalt, scandium, etc. Production of other critical minerals including lithium, rare earth elements (REE) and graphite, will soon start in such places as BC, Yukon, the Northwest Territories (NWT), Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec and Newfoundland.

Provincial and territorial governments, along with their federal counterpart, are already bending over backwards to supply the mining oligopolies with the infrastructure, subsidies and tax breaks these rich private interests are seeking. This was referred to in a presentation made in February 2021 by Simon Moores, CEO of Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, to the House of Commons’ Standing Committee on Natural Resources.

Some of these projects are at a preliminary stage of exploration while others have started extraction and production of critical minerals such as REE as well as elements for lithium-ion batteries such as lithium, graphite, cobalt, manganese and nickel.

The following articles include two examples of mining projects close to Yellowknife in the NWT for what have become “minerals critical to the national security” of the United States, as well as the United Kingdom, Australia and the European Union.

In March 2021, the U.S. Department of Commerce (DoC) launched a program to help U.S. mining companies and battery makers expand into Canada. In the words of the DoC, the move is part of a strategy to boost North American production of minerals used to make electric vehicles and “counter Chinese market dominance.”

What is becoming apparent is that more of these mining properties, where extraction of critical minerals is planned, in Quebec and in Canadian provinces and territories are being operated or acquired by foreign private interests. These are mostly Australian, U.S. and British, with the help, in certain cases, of foreign governments.

TML Daily, posted May 20, 2022.

Nechalacho critical mineral deposits in Northwest Territories

Location map of Nechalacho and Nico critical mineral deposits in the NWT, shown by 2 black rectangles.

Australia-based Vital Metals, through its ramped up production at its Nechalacho light rare earth elements (REE) mine in Canada’s Northwest Territories (NWT), has become North America’s second producer of the elements used in magnets for electric vehicles, aerospace, defence and electronics, after California’s Mountain Pass mine.

Around 100 km east of Yellowknife, Cheetah Resources, owned by Vital Metals, has begun mining small amounts of REEs from its Nechalacho project. It is believed to be the first project in the country contracted out to an Indigenous business to operate a mine in its own territory.

The Nechalacho REE property, located at Thor Lake, NWT, is a rich polymetallic rare metals resource with potential for REEs economic recovery such as neodymium and praseodymium, as well as lithium, zirconium, beryllium and niobium.

The REE product is to travel by barge to Hay River over the summer and in winter by ice roads once the freeze-up is in place. Hay River is a nearby port with an existing barging terminal and railhead accessible year round by an all-season highway. From there it will go to Saskatoon to be handled by the Saskatchewan Research Council. A multi-million dollar processing facility is being built there, with Saskatchewan and federal financing, which will refine the REE material, then ship it to Norway and the U.S. for fine separation of REEs and sale.

TML Daily, posted May 20, 2022.

Nico cobalt-gold-bismuth-copper deposit

The Nico cobalt-gold-bismuth-copper project owned by Fortune Minerals is located in the Northwest Territories (NWT) about halfway between Great Slave Lake and Great Bear Lake, approximately 150 kilometres northwest of the NWT’s capital, Yellowknife.

The Nico deposit contains proven and probable open pit and underground mineral reserves totalling 33 million tonnes containing 1.1 million ounces of gold, 82.3 million pounds of cobalt, 102.1 million pounds of bismuth, and 27.2 million pounds of copper.

A hydrometallurgical refinery at a site in Edmonton, Alberta, producing cobalt sulphate, gold, bismuth ingots and oxide, and copper cement is planned by the mining company.

In June 2021, Fortune Minerals’ website mentioned the following: “Fortune is engaged with the Canadian and U.S. governments, provincial and territorial governments, and municipalities to accelerate development of important near-term Critical Minerals projects. The Company is interested in securing financial support for the Feasibility Study update assessing the new refinery site and optimizations. Governments are also being solicited to participate in the project finance for the Nico project through various programs and capital pools designed to promote economic growth, western Canada diversification, process and product innovation, and Critical Minerals supply. Fortune was recently invited by the U.S. Embassy in Ottawa to present at a virtual seminar later this month to Tier 1 U.S. manufactures involved in defence, mining, aerospace, automotive, energy and technology, and to strengthen opportunities for vertical supply chain integration with Canada.”

Already, the $200 million government-funded Tlicho Highway to the community of Whatì is nearing completion which means the only part missing will be a 50-kilometre road from Whatì to the Nico mine. Also, the NWT Government is proposing to connect the Yellowknife power grid to the Talston power grid south of Great Slave Lake where there is surplus hydro power. If this is completed, Fortune could construct a 25-kilometre power line to snare Hydro instead of building its own power plant.

(TML Daily, posted May 20, 2022)

Elements comprising lithium-ion batteries

Lithium is the third lightest element, after hydrogen and helium, and the lightest of solid elements. Its principal commercial use is as an initiator of polymerization, for example, in the production of synthetic rubber. It is also extensively used in the production of other organic chemicals, especially pharmaceuticals. Because of its light weight and large negative electrochemical potential, lithium metal, either pure or in the presence of other elements, serves as an electrode in many non-rechargeable primary batteries and in high-power rechargeable lithium storage batteries used in Electric Vehicles (EVs), phones, cameras, and other electronic devices. Lightweight lithium-magnesium alloys and tough lithium-aluminum alloys, harder than aluminum alone, have structural applications in the aerospace and other industries.

Cobalt is a high strength magnetic metal with a diverse range of important uses in products from rechargeable batteries to aircraft engines. Cobalt is critical for manufacturing high performance rechargeable batteries such as lithium-ion batteries that are used in portable electronics, EVs and stationary power storage applications. Amongst its many applications, it is found in superalloys for the aerospace industry to make power and jet engine turbines as well as in electromechanical devices such as magnets, electric motors, generators, transformers and magnetic storage tape and hard disks.

In energy production applications, graphite is used in pebbles for modular nuclear reactors and in high-strength composites for wind, tide, and wave turbines. In energy storage applications, graphite is used in bipolar plates as well as in batteries in EVs where it acts as an anode in lithium-ion batteries. Currently, the majority of demand for natural graphite is based on several traditional markets, such as refractory (28 per cent), foundry and crucibles (18 per cent), lubricants (10 per cent) and other traditional and emerging applications (28 per cent). Currently, lithium-ion batteries represent 16 per cent of the market and this share is growing steadily.

Manganese is essential to iron and steel production by virtue of its sulfur-fixing, deoxidizing, and alloying properties. Steelmaking, including its ironmaking component, accounts for most domestic manganese demand, presently in the range of 85 to 90 per cent of the total. Manganese also is a key component of certain widely used aluminum alloys and, in oxide form, dry cell batteries.

Nickel is widely used because of its corrosion resistance. The aerospace industry is a leading consumer of nickel-based superalloys. Turbine blades, discs and other critical parts of jet engines are fabricated from superalloys. Nickel-based superalloys are also used in land-based combustion turbines, such as those found at electric power generation stations. The remaining 23 per cent of consumption is divided between alloy steels, rechargeable batteries, catalysts and other chemicals, coinage, foundry products, and plating.

See also “Supplying Critical Minerals to the U.S. War Economy” by Fernand Deschamps,” TML Supplement, November 8, 2021.

(With files from Government of Canada, Vital Metals, Fortune Minerals Limited, CBC.)

TML Daily, posted May 20, 2022.

Leave a comment

Filed under Canada

The unreported ‘battle for Kyiv’ (2)

Why was a member of the Ukrainian delegation for negotiations with the Russian Federation, Denis Kireev, killed in Kyiv? A wave of murders continues with or without reason. The war will write everything off.  | DMITRY KOVALEVICH *

Denis Kireev, © RIA Novosti, Alexander Kryazhe

(Exclusive, March 5) – On Saturday, March 5, Denis Kireev, a representative of the Ukrainian delegation at the talks in Belarus, was assassinated right next to the building of the Pechersk Court in Kyiv, the capital. Ukrainian media published a photo of the murdered man in the city centre. According to the deputy from the “Servant of the People” Oleksandr Dubinsky, he was killed by representatives of the special services of Ukraine (SBU) on suspicion of treason.

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under Europe

Canada’s role in supplying critical minerals to the US war economy

The House of Commons Standing Committee on Natural Resources said in its June 2021 report entitled From Mineral Exploration to Advanced Manufacturing Developing Value Chains for Critical Minerals in Canada that:

“Critical minerals are essential components of many new technologies, from low-greenhouse gas energy sources to electric vehicles to advances in cutting-edge sectors such as medicine, electronics, aerospace and defence.”

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under Canada, United States

Canadians can only rely on themselves to sort out climate crisis

Global Climate Strike Actions, Spetember 24.

For map of events across Canada, click here.

Not a day went by during the 44th general election without the leaders of the cartel parties stating that they have the solution to the climate crisis. Climate change is wreaking havoc on the peoples of the world, while also endangering island nations, coastal communities and all forms of life on the planet.

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under Canada

Trudeau government signs warmongering Joint Statement with the United States

Without any discussion with the public or even in Parliament, the Trudeau Liberal government issued a “Joint Statement on NORAD Modernization” with the U.S. Biden administration on August 14. NORAD, now known as the North American Aerospace Defense Command, puts the Canadian military under the control of USNORTHCOM of the U.S. armed forces. NORAD, along with NATO, integrates Canada into the U.S. war economy and strategy to wage endless wars for global hegemony. It brings Canadian forces under the command of the president of the United States.

Continue reading

5 Comments

Filed under Canada, Canadian Forces, United States

Integration of Quebec’s northern regions into US war economy

Canada’s strategic critical minerals: Who decides? | Fernand Deschamps

TML Weekly explained in February how Canada and Quebec are being further integrated into the U.S. imperialist economy and war machine through the Canada-U.S. Joint Action Plan on Critical Minerals Collaboration.[1] A recent Quebec government announcement reveals that the next step is to build infrastructure to guarantee a supply chain to ship these critical minerals to the United States. Continue reading

1 Comment

Filed under Canada

The role of Anglo-American financiers in preparing World War II

The Merchants of Death – lithograph by Mabel Dwight

By Valentin Katasonov 

This article was originally published in 2015 by Strategic Culture Foundation and also reproduced by TML Weekly at that time. We are republishing it today to enlighten readers on the role played by international financiers in World War II and debunk the Anglo-American falsification which blames the Soviet Union for that tragedy so as to exonerate themselves.

The article also clearly examines the origins of the international financial institutions at a time the Trudeau government and provincial governments are once against indebting the country to private interests to unprecedented levels based on the fraudulent claim that this is how to achieve economic recovery. Not only that, the Trudeau government likes to claim that Canada’s adherence to these international financial institutions makes it democratic and provides proof of its multilateralism. The material in this article provides ample information which shows that there are obviously various kinds of multilateralism with various kinds of aims and not all of them serve Canada. This the Trudeau and other governments in Canada do not want discussed. Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under Europe, History

Hiroshima and Halifax

Painting of the Halifax Explosion

By Tony Seed

The 75th Anniversary of the dropping of an atomic bomb on Hiroshima on the Sixth of August 1945 is a historic universal event with profound immediate significance to present international relations, the danger of war and even nuclear war. For Haligonians, the nuclear devastation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki has a special meaning ,which is even more poignant in the wake of the hugely destructive explosion in  Beirut, Lebanon on August 4. Continue reading

3 Comments

Filed under Asia, Canada, Canadian Forces, United States

Spending $19 billion on fighter jets won’t fight COVID-19 or climate change

By TAMARA LORINCZ

Last July, the federal government launched a $19-billion competition for 88 new fighter jets — the second-most expensive government procurement program in Canadian history.

In the running are Boeing’s Super Hornet, SAAB’s Gripen and Lockheed Martin’s F-35 fifth-generation stealth fighter. Bids are due in July, the winner will be selected in 2022 and the first combat aircraft will be delivered by 2025. Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under Canadian Forces

Profiteering from US aggression against Iran

By SARAH ANDERSON

Merchants of Death – Lithograph by Mabel Dwight

CEOs of major U.S. military contractors stand to reap huge windfalls from the escalation of conflict with Iran. This was evident in the immediate aftermath of the U.S. assassination of a top Iranian military official . As soon as the news reached financial markets, these companies’ share prices spiked, inflating the value of their executives’ stock-based pay.

I took a look at how the CEOs at the top five Pentagon contractors were affected by this surge, using the most recent SEC information on their stock holdings. Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under Asia, Uncategorized, United States

Canada’s integration into the US imperialist war economy

By K.C. ADAMS

Canada’s integration into the U.S. imperialist war economy is a serious matter of concern for Canadians. The U.S. war economy has tentacles into every U.S. state as well as Canada and countless other places abroad. The war economy encompasses production and sales of military goods and services to military customers domestically and internationally and all the fixed and circulating value it requires to operate such as buildings and fuel. The war economy includes thousands of military bases, airports, colleges, research centres, intelligence agencies, testing facilities and a vast army of active duty and reservist military personnel and services to veterans. Continue reading

2 Comments

Filed under Canada